Thinking globally before locally
For the longest time, the vast majority of talk regarding great white shark populations across the globe, was being done without formally estimating how many resided at Dyer Island, Gansbaai.
The White Shark Trust, founded in 2002 and operated by Michael Schol (now of Save Our Seas), collected data for several years with a view to publishing such a study. For various reasons, that never came to fruition.
“But who cares?”
That’s not an unreasonable question. Nor is “What’s the Dyer Island population got to do with the rest of the world?” were it not for one simple fact.
That is, great white sharks (in addition to being awesome) are highly migratory. They rarely hang around one place for too long. I’ve seen the same sharks in both Gansbaai and Mossel Bay, multiple times. Sometimes separated by months, other times years. It’s not just a national occurence, either.
Shark Nicole was the first great white shark recorded swimming to Australia and back from Gansbaai. This lack of ‘residency’ in the traditional sense, means its not unreasonable to argue that every location that white sharks frequent, is of equal relevance to the rest.
If there’s one exception to this rule, it’s most likely going to be Gansbaai.
Or as Oliver Jewell likes to call it – the McDonalds Drive-Thru for great white sharks.
The great white shark capital of the world
Gansbaai is largely recognised as the great white shark capital of the world and rightly so. Researchers, tourists and film crews have been flocking to the town for years. The occurence of white sharks in this area is not a seasonal one, nor do they require extensive searching to find.
Marine Dynamics Shark Tours and the Dyer Island Conservation Trust had been wanting to get a population study of white sharks off the ground for years.
I joined the team specifically to facilitate this, viewing countless individual fin photographs taken over the course of several years. The rest of the team comprised marine biologists Oliver Jewell, Michelle Wcisel, Alison Towner and Ryan Reisigner.
It was my role to identify individuals so we could generate a population estimate for the species.
All Research Projects
Gauging the threat How many white sharks live in Gansbaai?
White shark kinematics What do white sharks do underwater?
White shark tracking Where do white sharks go?
The tooth, the whole tooth and nothing but the tooth Do sharks have individual personalities?
Externalising the Archive
White shark research priorities What do we need to learn about white sharks?
Cryptic habitat use of white sharks in kelp forest revealed by animal-borne video Do sharks swim through or around kelp?
Laser Scanning at Staffordshire University
Marine Dynamics Academy Scientific Internship
SharkStuff UK shark research and education